Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo Articles, Other

William Addo Dankwa “Nana” Akufo-Addo (/æˈkʊfoʊ ɑːˈdoʊ/ (listena-KUUF-oh ah-DOH;[1] born 29 March 1944[2]) is currently the President of Ghana. He has been in office since 7 January 2017.[3] He previously served as Attorney General from 2001 to 2003 and as Minister for Foreign Affairs from 2003 to 2007 under the Kufuor led administration.[4]

Nana Addo first ran for president in 2008 and again in 2012, both times as the candidate of the New Patriotic Party (NPP), but was defeated on both occasions by National Democratic Congress’ candidates: John Evans Atta Mills in 2008 and John Dramani Mahama in 2012 after the former’s death. He refused to concede and went to court, the Supreme Court of Ghana affirmed John Dramani Mahama’s victory.[5] He was chosen as the presidential candidate of the New Patriotic Party for a third time for the 2016 general elections and this time, he defeated John Dramani Mahama in the first round (winning with 53.85% of the votes), which marked the first time in a Ghanaian presidential election that an opposition candidate won a majority outright in the first round. [6]


Early life and education[edit]

Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo was born in AccraGhana, to a prominent Ghanaian royal and political family as the son of Edward and Adeline Akufo-Addo.[7] His father Edward Akufo-Addo from Akropong-Akuapem was Ghana’s third Chief Justice from 1966 to 1970, Chairman of the 1967–68 Constitutional Commission and the non-executive President of Ghana from 1970 till 1972.[7] Akufo-Addo’s maternal grandfather was Nana Sir Ofori Atta, King of Akyem Abuakwa, who was a member of the Executive Council of the Governor of the Gold Coast before Ghana’s independence.[7] He is a nephew of Kofi Asante Ofori-Atta and William Ofori Atta. His granduncle was J. B. Danquah, another member of The Big Six.[8]

He started his primary education at the Government Boys School, Adabraka, and later went to Rowe Road School (now Kinbu), in Accra Central. He went to England to study for his O-Level and A-Level examinations at Lancing College, Sussex, where he was nicknamed ‘Billy’.[1] He began the Philosophy, Politics and Economics course at New College, Oxford in 1962, but left soon afterwards.[9] He returned to Ghana in 1962 to teach at the Accra Academy, before going to read Economics at the University of GhanaLegon, in 1964, earning a BSc(Econ) degree in 1967. He subsequently joined Inner Temple and trained as a lawyer under the apprenticeship system known as the Inns of court, where no formal law degree was required.[10] He was called to the English Bar (Middle Temple) in July 1971. He was called to the Ghanaian bar in July 1975.[11] Akufo-Addo worked with the Paris office of the U.S. law firm Coudert Brothers. In 1979, he co-founded the law firm Prempeh and Co.

Political life[edit]

Akufo-Addo’s participation in politics began in the late 1970s when he joined the People’s Movement for Freedom and Justice (PMFJ),[12] an organisation formed to oppose the General Acheampong-led Supreme Military Council’s Union Government proposals.[13] In May 1995, he was among a broad group of elites who formed Alliance for Change, an alliance that organised demonstrations against neo-liberal policies such as the introduction of Value Added Tax and human rights violations of the Rawlings presidency.[14] The broad-based opposition alliance later collapsed as the elite leaders jostled for leadership positions.[11] In the 1990s, he formed a civil rights organisation called Ghana’s Committee on Human and People’s Rights.[12]

Presidential bids[edit]

In October 1998, Akufo-Addo competed for the presidential candidacy of the NPP[11] and lost to John Kufuor, who subsequently won the December 2000 presidential election and assumed office as President of Ghana in January 2001. Akufo-Addo was the chief campaigner for Kufuor in the 2000 election. He became the first Attorney General and Minister for Justice of the Kufuor era, and later moved to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD).[15][16]

In 2007, he was the popular candidate tipped to win New Patriotic Party‘s presidential primaries.[17] In 2008, Akufo-Addo represented NPP in a closely contested election against John Atta Mills of NDC.[18] In the first round of voting, Akufo-Addo tallied 49.13%, leading Atta Mills with a slim margin that was below the constitutional threshold of 50% to become the outright winner.[19]

Akufo-Addo ran again as NPP’s presidential candidate in the 2012 national elections against NDC’s John Mahama, successor to the late Atta Mills. Mahama was declared the winner of the election, an outcome that was legally challenged by Akufo-Addo. The court case generated considerable controversy, and was finally decided by the Ghana Supreme Court in a narrow 5/4 decision in favour of Mahama. Akufo-Addo accepted the verdict in the interest of economic stability and international goodwill.[7]

In March 2014, Akufo-Addo announced his decision to seek his party’s nomination for the third time ahead of the 2016 election. In the NPP primary conducted in October 2014, he was declared victor with 94.35% of the votes.[20] Akufo-Addo also served as Chair of the Commonwealth Observer Mission for the South African elections in 2014.[21][22]

He focused his campaign on the economy, promising to stabilise the country’s foreign exchange rate and to reduce unemployment levels.[23] On 9 December 2016, sitting president Mahama conceded defeat to Akufo-Addo.[24] Akufo-Addo won the election with 53.83% of the votes against Mahama’s 44.4%.[25]

Nana Addo has signed up for re-election by picking a nomination form as flagbearer of the New patriotic party ahead of the 2020 general elections.[26]

President of Ghana[edit]


Akufo-Addo took office on 7 January 2017. His inauguration was held at Black Star Square in Accra. Twelve presidents from African and European countries attended the ceremony, including Edgar Lungu of Zambia, Abdel Fattah el-Sisi of Egypt, Ernest Bai Koroma of Sierra Leone, Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe, Muhammadu Buhari of Nigeria.[27][28][29]

Akufo-Addo faced backlash, especially on social media, for plagiarising parts of his inauguration speech, having lifted passages, word-for-word, from previous inaugural addresses given by American presidents John F. KennedyBill Clinton and George W. Bush as well as prepared remarks given by Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari at a 2015 United States Institute of Peace event.[30][31][32][33][34][35] After the scandal came to light, his press office issued an apology, with his communication director describing the situation as a “complete oversight and never deliberate.”[36][37][38] However, after the mea culpa, it was found that Akufo-Addo had also plagiarised portions of his 2013 concession speech after the Supreme Court of Ghana upheld the 2012 electoral victory of President John Mahama. In that speech, lines were lifted verbatim from United States Vice-President Al Gore‘s 2000 presidential concession speech given after the US Supreme Court verdict.[39][40][41]


In September 2017, the president launched the Free High School Education (SHS) policy, which will make secondary high school free for students in Ghana. The president states it is a “necessary investment in the nation’s future workforce” and will help parents who are unable to pay for their children’s education due to financial hardships. The program met with positive reaction from the nation, parents and students were excited and fervent, but private schools opposed to the program state it will decrease the number of students enrolling in their system.[42][43]


In 2018, the president introduced the 7-year Co-ordinated Programme of Economic and Social Development Policies which is expected to create jobs for the country. According to the president, The policies are founded on “five pillars of growth and development, namely revitalizing the economy; transform agriculture and industry; revamping economic and social infrastructure; strengthening social protection and inclusion; and reforming delivery system of public services institutions.”[44]


In February 2019, Akuffo-Addo’s administration announced a complete renovation of sports buildings around Ghana due to the country hosting the Africa Games in 2023. Buildings include Accra and Cape Coast Sports Stadium and the Azumah Nelson Sports Complex in Kaneshie. The University of Ghana Sports Stadium which renovations were abandoned in 2009 after former President John Kufuor left office will also proceed.[45]

Other ventures[edit]

In 2019, Ghana’s regions increased from ten to sixteen under the president’s administration. The new regions are OtiWestern NorthNorth EastAhafo (splitting from Brong) Savannah and Bono East Regions. The creations of the regions end decades of petitions to the government calling for the development of new regions.[46]

Personal life[edit]

Rebecca Akufo-Addo, the First Lady of Ghana

Akufo-Addo is from Akropong-Akuapem and Kyebi in the Eastern Region.[citation needed] He is married to Rebecca Akufo-Addo (née Griffiths-Randolph), the daughter of judge, Jacob Hackenburg Griffiths-Randolph, the Speaker of the Parliament of Ghana during the Third Republic.[47][48] They have five daughters; Gyankroma Funmi Akufo-Addo, Edwina Nana Douka Akufo-Addo, Adriana Dukua Akufo-Addo, Yeboakua Akufo-Addo, and Valerie Obaze.[49][50][51][52]

Awards and honours[edit]

Akufo-Addo was presented with the Mother Theresa Memorial International Award for Social Justice in 2016 by the Harmony Foundation for sacrificing political ambitions for the sake of national peace and reconciliation.[53]

In 2017, he received the National Achievement Award by the Africa-America Institute’s on behalf of the people of Ghana. The award was given to recognise Ghana as a country which represent freedom, democracy and stability in Africa.[54]

Akufo-Addo was given an award for Exemplary Leadership in June 2018 by the Whitaker Group.[55][56] In August 2018 he received the African Port Award by The African Port Award (APA) Foundation for his projects on modernising Ghana’s ports.[57] In September 2018, the U.S. Africa Business Centre of the United States Chamber of Commerce presented Akufo-Addo with the 2018 Outstanding Leader’s Award in recognition of regional, diplomatic, and economic leadership in Africa.[58][59][60] In October 2018 he received the 2018 Governance Leadership Award “in recognition of his commitment towards enhancing the living standards of the Ghanaians and governing the country in accordance with the rule of law”.[61]

In June 2019, the Association of National Olympic Committees of Africa (ANOCA) announced it will honour Akufo-Addo with the Association of National Olympic Committees of Africa (ANOCA) Merit Award for Heads of State due to his tremendous contribution to sports development and projects in Ghana and for the successful bid for Ghana to host the 2023 African Games.[62]

Nana Akuffo Addo was honoured at the just ended fourth Ghana Hotels Association Awards, held on 20 January 2020 for demomstrating visionary leadership by declaring the year of return and ensuring its successful execution.[63]

See also[edit]


  1. Jump up to:a b “OL Elected President of Ghana” 22 December 2016. Archived from the original on 11 February 2017. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  2. ^ “Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo”Office of the President, Republic of Ghana. Retrieved 25 July 2019.
  3. ^ Osei Boakye, Evans (7 January 2017). “Nana Akufo Addo Is the New President for Ghana – Here’s His Inauguration Speech”GhanaStarArchived from the original on 8 January 2017. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
  4. ^ “Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo Profile”GhanaWebArchived from the original on 20 December 2016. Retrieved 9 December 2016.
  5. ^ “Nana Akufo-Addo”. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 31 August 2013.
  6. ^ “World Digest: Dec. 9. 2016: Ghana president concedes to opposition leader”The Washington PostArchived from the original on 11 December 2016. Retrieved 9 December 2016.
  7. Jump up to:a b c d Duodu, Cameron (April 2014). “Why Akufo-Addo chose caution, not confrontation”. New African.
  8. ^ “Salute the New King: President-elect of Ghana Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo”. 9 December 2016. Archived from the original on 1 January 2017. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
  9. ^ Ata, Kofi (11 November 2012). “Why has Nana Akufo Addo omitted Oxford University from his Profile?”Modernghana.comArchived from the original on 3 November 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2016.
  10. ^ “Prof. Kwaku Asare writes: Nana Akufo-Addo has no law degree but…” 5 October 2016. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  11. Jump up to:a b c Agyeman-Duah, Ivor (2003). Between Faith and History: A Biography of J.A. Kufuor. Africa World Press. pp. 81, 95.
  12. Jump up to:a b Oquaye, Mike (24 December 2008). “Why Nana Akufo-Addo Should be Elected President”Daily Graphic. Ghana. Archived from the original on 9 December 2017.
  13. ^ Owusu-Ansah, David (2014). Historical Dictionaries of Africa : Historical Dictionary of Ghana (4). Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
  14. ^ Ayelazuno, Jasper (2011). “7”. Neo-liberalism and Resistance in Ghana: Understanding the Political Agency of the Subalterns in Social-historical Context (Thesis). York University.
  15. ^ “Africa will continue to dominate Ghana’s foreign policy – Akufo-Addo”. ghanaweb. 4 June 2005. Archived from the original on 8 January 2017. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  16. ^ “Ghana: NPP Presidential Race for Election 2008”. 26 July 2006. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  17. ^ Samin, Zam R. (30 October 2007). “Akufo-Addo Gets Another Boost”The Ghanaian Chronicle. AllAfrica. Archived from the original on 1 January 2008.
  18. ^ Kennedy, Brian (5 December 2008). “Ghana: Voters Head for Polls in Tight Race”Archived from the original on 20 December 2016.
  19. ^ Otchere-Darko, Gabby (2010). “Ghana’s fragile elections: consolidating African democracy through e-voting”. Georgetown Journal of International Affairs11 (2).
  20. ^ “Ghana’s Presidential Candidates”. Africa Research Bulletin: Political, Social and Cultural Series51 (10). November 2014.
  21. ^ “Akufo-Addo leads Commonwealth Observer Mission to South Africa”. 29 April 2014. Archived from the original on 5 July 2017. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
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  26. ^ “President Akufo-Addo, 19 hospitality facilities honoured”GBC Ghana Online. 20 January 2020. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
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  30. ^ Sotubo, ‘Jola. “Buhari: Read full text of President’s speech at US Institute for Peace”PulseArchived from the original on 11 February 2017. Retrieved 10 February 2017.
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  46. ^ “Ghana Now Has 16 Regions”. MSN. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
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  48. ^ Pobee, John S. (2009). The Anglican Story in Ghana: From Mission Beginnings to Province of Ghana. African Books Collective. ISBN 9789988037802Archived from the original on 9 December 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2017.
  49. ^ bing, bing. “nana akufo-addo%27s daughter edwina nana dokua akufo-addo – Bing”
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  53. ^ “Mother Teresa Memorial Awards 2016”Mother Teresa Memorial AwardsArchivedfrom the original on 4 December 2017. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  54. ^ “Akufo-Addo receives National Achievement Award”. 21 September 2017. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
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  58. ^ K. Effah, “Akufo-Addo to receive Outstanding Leaders Award in New York” Archived 8 October 2018 at the Wayback Machine,, 18 September 2018.
  59. ^ “Nana Grabs Top US Award” Archived 8 October 2018 at the Wayback MachineDailyGuide Africa, 18 September 2018.
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  62. ^ “ANOCA to award highest honour to Ghana President Akufo-Addo”. 19 June 2019. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  63. ^ “President Akufo-Addo, 19 hospitality facilities honoured”GBC Ghana Online. 20 January 2020. Retrieved 1 February 2020.

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